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【干货】英语四六级长难句词汇及考点解析(二)

来源:xdf-cet46    发布时间:2018-10-28 20:12:25
3
Had I not attended this workshop,I would have automatically assumed the man was the best candidate because the position require edquite a bit of extensive travel.
译文
如果没有参加过这次研讨会,很自然我就会认定那位男士是最佳候选人。因为这个职位需要经常出差。
词汇讲解
本句的主干是I would have assumed。倒装结构Had I not attended this workshop为条件状语从句;the man was the best candidate为assumed的宾语从句,省略了引导词that ; because引导的是原因状语从句。
  assume的意思是“设想,认为”。如:
  I cannot assume anything in this case.在这种情况下,我无法作任何猜测。
  a bit of本义是“少量,一点点”,前面加了quite,则意为“大量的”。如:
  The novel will take a bit of reading.这本小说不需要花很多时间来看。
考点归纳:
  由if引导的条件状语从句,有时可把if省略,将从句的系动词或助动词前置构成倒装,这种情况下句子一般采用的是虚拟语气,表示一种假设的概念。如:
  Were it not for his help, I would be in trouble.要不是他帮忙,我就陷入麻烦了。(系动词were前置)
  Had we made adequate preparations, we might have succeeded.我们要是准备充分的话或许就成功了。(助动词had前置)
  Should he call, what would you tell him?万一他来电话,你怎么对他说?
4
 “I was just thrown off by the lack of eye contact, nod realizing it was cultural,”Tiffany says. "I missed out,but will not miss that opportunity again."
译文
“仅仅是因为缺乏眼神交流,我就放弃了这名候选人,我没意识到那是文化的差异,”蒂法尼说。“我错过了那次机会,但是以后不会再错过那样的机会了。”
词汇讲解
本句的主干是Tiffany says,其余的部分皆为直接引语。not realizing it was cultural为第一部分直接引语的伴随状语;第二部分直接引语中but连接并列的谓语部分,but前后的谓语动词相同却采用了不同的时态,用以突出过去和将来的对比概念。
  throw sb. off的意思是“摆脱某人”。如:
  She threw off one of her pursuers.她甩掉了其中一个追求者。
  miss out的意思是“失去(获得利益或获得乐趣的机会)”。如:
  If I don't go to the party, I shall feel I'm missing out.我要是不去参加聚会,就会觉得损失很大。
 考点归纳:
  短语miss out具体用法如下:
  ※ miss sb./sth. out意为“不包括某人(某事物)在内,遗漏”。如:
  Make sure you don't miss any detail out.确认不要遗漏任何细节。
  ※ miss out (on sth.)意为“错失...的机会”。如:
  I don't want to miss out on all the fun.我不想错失玩乐的机会。

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